Photograph: Andrew Medichini/AP
Cardinal Ratzinger [now "Pope Ratzo the First" -ed.] has been head of the Congregation for
the Doctrine of the Faith – formerly known as the Holy Office of the
Inquisition – since 1981. He was known as "God’s rottweiler" for his unswerving defence of Catholic orthodoxy.
One of his first campaigns was against liberation
theology, which had gained ground among priests in Latin America and
elsewhere as a means of involving the Church in social activism and
human rights issues.
He has described homosexuality as a "tendency" towards
an "intrinsic moral evil". During the US election campaign, he called
for pro-choice politicians to be denied Communion.
He has also argued that Turkey should not be admitted into the European Union.
At the age of 14, he joined the Hitler Youth…
He deserted the German army towards the end of the war…